Calas


Gender: Feminine

Origin: Welsh

Meaning: “Solidity.”

Pronunciation: (CAH-lass)

Nicknames: Cal, Cala, Cali

Calas comes from the same root as caled, Welsh for “hard,” and means “solidity.”

As an element, calas is the source of form, differentiation, manifestation, and stability. Its image in nature is stone.

Druid Revival lore contains a set of three elements that first appears in Iolo Morganwg’s writings. Whether it’s an invention of Iolo’s or a surviving scrap of some older teaching is anyone’s guess, but the three elements have been part of Druid Revival teaching ever since his time. Their names are Nwyfre, Gwyar, and Calas.

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Gwyar


Gender: Feminine

Origin: Welsh

Meaning: “Blood; flow, fluidity.”

Pronunciation: (GOO-yar)

Nicknames: Yari, Gw

Gwyar literally means “blood” in old Welsh, but its more general meaning is “flow” or “fluidity.”

As an element, gwyar is the source of change, motion, growth, and decay. Its image in nature is running water.

Druid Revival lore contains a set of three elements that first appears in Iolo Morganwg’s writings. Whether it’s an invention of Iolo’s or a surviving scrap of some older teaching is anyone’s guess, but the three elements have been part of Druid Revival teaching ever since his time. Their names are Nwyfre, Gwyar, and Calas.

Nwyvre


swiftly runs the Sun in the sky

Gender: Feminine

Origin: Welsh

Meaning: “Sky; energy.”

Pronunciation: (NOOiv-ruh)

Nicknames: Nw, Noo

Detail: Variation of Nwyfre. Nwyfre appears to be connected to the somewhat familiar Middle Welsh word nwyf meaning “energy” or “vigour”.

Nwyfre itself is demonstrated as a poetic word in various medieval Welsh manuscripts, where it means “sky” or “heaven” or “firmament”, and figuratively the “ether”.

As an element, nwyfre is the source of life and consciousness, and modern Druids often refer to it simply as the life force. Its image in nature is blue sky.

Druid Revival lore contains a set of three elements that first appears in Iolo Morganwg’s writings. Whether it’s an invention of Iolo’s or a surviving scrap of some older teaching is anyone’s guess, but the three elements have been part of Druid Revival teaching ever since his time. Their names are Nwyfre, Gwyar, and Calas.

In the Book of Taliesin:

Welsh: “atwyn heul yn ehwybyr yn nwyfre”

English: “swiftly runs the Sun in the sky”

Oxana


Gender: Feminine

Origin: Greek

Meaning: “Hospitality.”

Pronunciation: (ahks-AH-nah)

Nicknames: Ox, Oxi, Oka, Xana, Xani

Ukrainian form of the Greek Xenia, meaning “hospitality “.

Xenia was a 5th century saint.

Female Variations:

  • Aksinya (Russian)
  • Ksenia (Polish)
  • Ksenija (Slovene, Croatian)
  • Oksana (Ukrainian, Russian)
  • Oxana (Ukrainian, Russian)
  • Senja (Finnish)
  • Xena (Modern)
  • Xene (Greek)
  • Xenia (Greek)
  • Zena (English)
  • Zenia (English)