Gawain


Beheading of the Green Knight, Cotton Nero

Gender: Masculine

Origin: Welsh

Meaning: “White hawk of battle.”

Pronunciation: (GOW-wihn)

Detail: Gawain is King Arthur‘s nephew and a Knight of the Round Table. He is one of a select few of the Round Table members to be referred to as the greatest knight. And he is quite a chivalrous knight, most notably in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.

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Eluned


Gender: Feminine

Origin: Welsh

Meaning: debated “She of Great Desire.” “Idol; image.”

Eluned derived from Welsh -el “greatly, much” + (i)uned “wish, desire.” Or from Welsh eilun “image, idol.”

Pronunciation: Eng (eh-LOON-ed); Welsh (el-EEN-ed)

Detail: Eluned was a handmaiden of the Lady of the Fountain in the Welsh Arthurian romance Owein. She had a magic ring which rendered the wearer invisible – one of the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain. Eluned’s beauty and intelligence were legendary. This was also the name of a 5th-century Welsh saint.

Nicknames: Luna, Elle, Lena, Lune, Ned

Variations:

  • Alud (Welsh)
  • Eiluned (Welsh)
  • Elined (Welsh)
  • Eliwedd (Welsh)
  • Elyned (Welsh)
  • Lenae
  • Linetta
  • Luned (Welsh)
  • Lunet
  • Lunetta
  • Lunette (French)

Arthur


painting by Frank Dicksee

Name Day: November 15

Gender: Masculine

Origin: debated

Meaning: (Celtic) “Bear; Stone” (Germanic) “Thor, eagle.”

Nicknames: Art, Artie, Thor

Detail: King Arthur is a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances, led the defence of Britain against the Saxon invaders in the early 6th century.

Lucius Artorius Castus was a Roman officer who lived in the late second century.

St. Arzhel was born in Wales in 482, founded a monastery in the Forest of Broceliande in Brittany. Famed as a magician, Arzhel was summoned to King Childebert’s court in Paris. After his death, Arzhel’s name was invoked to end droughts.

Variations:

  • Aart (Dutch)
  • Anthanasios (Greek)
  • Artair (Scottish)
  • Artek (Polish), Artis (Czech)
  • Arto (Finnish)
  • Artorius (Latin)
  • Artturi (Finnish)
  • Arturo (Italian and Spanish)
  • Arzhel (Celtic) [AHR-zel]
  • Arzhul (Celtic) [AHR-zool]
  • Arzhur (Celtic) [AHR-zoor]
  • Atze (German)
  • Thanasis (Greek)
  • Thanos (Greek)