Origin: Pima (Native American); Basque
Meaning: “Having a little spring; or good oak.”
Nicknames: Ari, Ara, Azza, Zona, Zoni, Zoe
Detail: Arizona was inherited from the Spanish Arizonac, a word virtually identical to Basque arizonac “good oak”. However, it isn’t clear why the Spanish would choose a Basque word for (at the time) a Mexican territory. The name of this state is most probably a Native American word, possibly an O’odham (Pima) word meaning “having a little spring” made up of ali “little” + sona-g “spring-having”—plus a little corruption from the Spanish.